Wandering Greeks: The Ancient Greek Diaspora from the Age of Homer to the Death of Alexander the Great

Wandering Greeks: The Ancient Greek Diaspora from the Age of Homer to the Death of Alexander the Great

by Robert Garland


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Most classical authors and modern historians depict the ancient Greek world as essentially stable and even static, once the so-called colonization movement came to an end. But Robert Garland argues that the Greeks were highly mobile, that their movement was essential to the survival, success, and sheer sustainability of their society, and that this wandering became a defining characteristic of their culture. Addressing a neglected but essential subject, Wandering Greeks focuses on the diaspora of tens of thousands of people between about 700 and 325 BCE, demonstrating the degree to which Greeks were liable to be forced to leave their homes due to political upheaval, oppression, poverty, warfare, or simply a desire to better themselves.

Attempting to enter into the mind-set of these wanderers, the book provides an insightful and sympathetic account of what it meant for ancient Greeks to part from everyone and everything they held dear, to start a new life elsewhere—or even to become homeless, living on the open road or on the high seas with no end to their journey in sight. Each chapter identifies a specific kind of "wanderer," including the overseas settler, the deportee, the evacuee, the asylum-seeker, the fugitive, the economic migrant, and the itinerant, and the book also addresses repatriation and the idea of the "portable polis." The result is a vivid and unique portrait of ancient Greece as a culture of displaced persons.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780691173801
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Publication date: 09/13/2016
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 344
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Robert Garland is the Roy D. and Margaret B. Wooster Professor of the Classics at Colgate University. His many books include The Eye of the Beholder: Deformity and Disability in the Graeco-Roman World and The Greek Way of Death.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations xi

List of Maps xiii

Preface xv

1. Prolegomena 1

2. The Wanderer 15

3. The Settler 34

4. The Portable Polis 57

5. The Deportee 79

6. The Evacuee 99

7. The Asylum-Seeker114

8. The Fugitive 131

9. The Economic Migrant 150

10. The Itinerant 167

11. Repatriation 181

Conclusions 197

Envoi 205

Further Reading 207

A. The Terminology of Diaspora 239

B. Catalogue of Athenian Cleruchies and Colonies 244

C. Catalogue of Deportees 253

D. Catalogue of Exiles 264

E. Catalogue of the Enslaved 271

Chronology 279

Glossary 283

Bibliography 287

Index of Personal Names 301

Index of Place Names 305

Index of Sources 309

General Index 317

What People are Saying About This

From the Publisher

"The Greeks, Plato observed, were scattered around the Mediterranean like 'frogs round a pond.' How they came to be there has always been treated as a political story. By listening more closely to the croaking of the frogs, Robert Garland gives a rich impression of the varied experiences at the center of the story. In this vivid and empathetic book, he brings out, for the first time, the human reality of being a Greek on the move."—Robin Osborne, University of Cambridge

"Garland has done it again. Exploring a fundamental aspect of Greek life in a manner consistently accessible yet grounded in a rich evidential base, he exhibits his special talent by suffusing the whole project with modern parallels and sheer human empathy. Warmly recommended."—David Whitehead, Queen's University Belfast

"In this important and stimulating book, Robert Garland, a writer of great skill and experience, shows how crucial migration was to the remarkable success of the ancient Greeks. No other book has the same range or address, despite the centrality of the subject. Informed throughout with a humane, sympathetic spirit, Wandering Greeks not only places the ancient Greek world in a much wider historical context but also illuminates vexed contemporary issues in the politics of diaspora."—Paul Cartledge, University of Cambridge

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