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The Spanish Civil War 1936-39 (1): Nationalist Forces

The Spanish Civil War 1936-39 (1): Nationalist Forces


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The Spanish Civil War, 1936-39, was the curtain-raiser to World War II, and the major international event of the 1930s. It was the first great clash of 20th-century ideologies, between the rebel Nationalist army led by General Franco (right-wing, and aided by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy), and the Republican army of the government (left-wing, and aided by the Communist Soviet Union and many volunteers from liberal democracies). Three years of widespread campaigns involved the most modern weapons available (submachine guns, mortars, artillery, tanks, and combat aircraft operating in direct support of ground forces). The war was fought ruthlessly by both sides, and when the Nationalists secured victory they installed a dictatorship that lasted until November 1975 - the last such regime in Western Europe.

The Nationalist forces were varied in origin and appearance. Their spearhead was provided by the colonial army brought over from Spanish Morocco - the Spanish Foreign Legion, and Spanish-led Moroccan native regiments. Apart from sympathizers within the pre-war regular army, troops raised in Spain reflected a number of distinct regional traditions and political militias, and included both internal security units and foreign volunteer contingents. Weapons and equipment came from a wide variety of Spanish and foreign sources. Featuring specially commissioned full-color artwork, this first part of a two-part study depicts the fighting men of the Nationalist forces that strove to take control of Spain alongside their German and Italian allies.

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781782007821
Publisher: Bloomsbury USA
Publication date: 05/20/2014
Series: Men-at-Arms , #495
Pages: 48
Sales rank: 1,015,118
Product dimensions: 6.60(w) x 10.00(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Alejandro de Quesada is a Florida-based military history writer, an experienced researcher, and collector of militaria, photos and documents. He runs an archive and historical consultancy for museums and films as a secondary business. Alejandro has written over 100 articles and over 25 books, including several for Osprey, and is a leading authority on Latin American subjects.

He is the author of the following Osprey titles to date: The Spanish-American War and Philippine Insurrection; The US Home Front 1941-45; Roosevelt's Rough Riders; The Bay of Pigs; The Mexican Revolution; The United States Coast Guard during World War II; Spanish Colonial Fortifications in North America. The author lives in Tampa, FL.

Table of Contents

Introduction 3

Chronology 4

Background to Rebellion 6

The Second Republic of 1931 - the elections of 1933 and 1934 - consequences

The National Army 8

Formation and unit organization

Orders of battle: Ejército del Sur - Ejército del Norte - Ejército del Centro - Ejército de Levante

Nationalist militias: the Falange - the Carlists

Colonial Troops 14

The Army of Africa: Spanish foreign Legion - Regulates

The 1936 campaign

Foreign Volunteers 18

The German Legion Condor-German naval assistance

The Italian Corpo Truppe Voluntarie

The Portuguese Viriatos

The Irish Brigade

The Air Force 24

The Navy 34

Security Forces 35

Guardi-a Civil - Cuerpo de Seguridad y Asalto - Carabineros 35

Small Arms 36

Rifles - pistols - submachine guns - machine guns

Aftermath 39

Further Reading 40

Plate Commentaries 42

Index 48

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