The New Terror: Facing the Threat of Biological and Chemical Weapons

The New Terror: Facing the Threat of Biological and Chemical Weapons

The New Terror: Facing the Threat of Biological and Chemical Weapons

The New Terror: Facing the Threat of Biological and Chemical Weapons


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The growing threat of biological and chemical weapons (BCW) has created the frightening prospect of terrorist attacks by states, state-sanctioned terrorist organizations, and destructive individuals loose in our midst. What can we do to prepare for this threat? This illuminating and often disturbing book brings together the views of leading thinkers—in science, medicine, international and constitutional law, law enforcement, intelligence, and crisis management—on all diverse aspects of this challenge based on their statements at the November 1998 Hoover Institution Conference on Biological and Chemical Weapons. The New Terror takes a hard look at the most pressing BCW issues facing the international community and realistic options for preventing, deterring against, and mitigating the consequences of the use of BCW.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780817997021
Publisher: Hoover Institution Press
Publication date: 11/01/1999
Series: Publication Series: Archival Documentaries
Pages: 512
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 2.00(d)

About the Author

Abraham D. Sofaer, who served as legal adviser to the US Department of State from 1985 to 1990, was appointed the first George P. Shultz Distinguished Scholar and Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution in 1994. During his service as legal adviser, he was responsible for US/Iran negotiations at the Iran/US Tribunal in The Hague.

Table of Contents

Part 1Dimensions of the BCW Problem
Introductory Remarks3
1The Chemical Weapons Threat5
2Living Nightmares: Biological Threats Enabled by Molecular Biology39
3BCW Attack Scenarios76
Part 2The Role of Intelligence
Introductory Remarks121
4The US Intelligence Community and the Challenge of BCW123
5Warning and Detection138
Part 3Building and Implementing BCW Control Regimes
Introductory Remarks157
6From Arms Race to Abolition: The Evolving Norm Against Biological and Chemical Warfare159
7Negotiating a Compliance Protocol for the Biological Weapons Convention227
8UN Biological Inspections in Iraq237
Part 4Regulation of BCW: Legal Constraints
Introductory Remarks265
9BCW Treaties and the Constitution269
10Legal Authority for a Domestic Military Role in Homeland Defense305
Part 5Preparing for BCW Attacks
Introductory Remarks331
11Two Incidents and the NEW Containment335
12The Federal Role in Protection and Response348
13Toward a National Defense Strategy360
14The First-Responder's Perspective375
Part 6Deterring the Use of BCW
Introductory Remarks397
15Strategies for Enhanced Deterrence403
16Why the US Should Not Use Nuclear Threats415
17Enforcement through Sanctions, Force, and Criminalization439
AppendixConference Agenda and Participants485
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