B&N Audiobooks Subscription = SAVINGS. Sign Up Today for a Free Book!
Surrogate Terrorists: Iran's Formula for Success

Surrogate Terrorists: Iran's Formula for Success

by Stephen Kramer

NOOK Book(eBook)

View All Available Formats & Editions

Available on Compatible NOOK Devices and the free NOOK Apps.
WANT A NOOK?  Explore Now
LEND ME® See Details


Today, National Security is embroiled in the unknown, the uncertain, the unseen, and the unexpected. In the twenty-first century, failed states, rogue states, ethnic militias, and radical extremists produce transnational actors involved in global conflicts. During the 1980s, Iran used Hizballah as a surrogate terrorist organization. This was an excellent example of the transition from the traditional state-centered paradigm ordered around conventional strength between rival states to a new type of warfare practiced today. The model created from this research shows many of the conditions, activities, and events necessary to create a state-sponsored terrorist group and provides the reader with indicators that such a group is being formed. Surrogate Terrorists explores some of the analytic methodology used to understand terrorism, insurgency, asymmetric warfare, and state practice of denial and deception. It closes with examples of state-sponsored surrogate terrorist groups' centers of gravity that can be exploited.

Related collections and offers

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780761850946
Publisher: UPA
Publication date: 02/24/2010
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 112
File size: 935 KB

About the Author

Stephen Kramer is an intelligence analyst for the U.S. Government's Intelligence Community. He has also served as a security consultant in post-conflict areas of the world.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Preface
Chapter 2 Acknowledgments
Chapter 3 Introduction
Chapter 4 Chapter 1: Existence of an Area Under Conflict
Chapter 5 Chapter 2: Creation of a Surrogate Group
Chapter 6 Chapter 3: Creation of Ambiguity to Avoid Responsibility/Blame
Chapter 7 Chapter 4: Maintenance
Chapter 8 Chapter 5: Dealing with the Aftereffects
Chapter 9 Chapter 6: Surrogate Centers of Gravity That Can Be Exploited
Chapter 10 Chapter 7: Conclusion: What Aren't We Seeing But Should Be?
Chapter 11 Index
Chapter 12 About the Author

Customer Reviews