Oil and Development in Venezuela during the 20th Century

Oil and Development in Venezuela during the 20th Century

by Jorge Salazar-Carrillo, Bernadette West

Hardcover(New Edition)

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Overview

This book advances the theory that a potential leading export sector—in this case, the oil sector—is capable of inducing economic growth even in peripheral countries where the product line is primary in nature. In Venezuela the oil sector has contributed directly and indirectly to the development of the country's overall economy, particularly from 1936 to 1973, when that sector met the criteria of a leading sector, i.e., one that expands rapidly and obtains a large specific size relative to the economy as a whole. Oil investment in Venezuela contributed to the fiscal sector, the foreign sector, GDP, income, backward and forward linkages, the multiplier and accelerator effects, and the retained value of total expenditures. In spite of recent efforts to diversify the production and export mix, the Venezuelan economy continues to remain heavily dependent on oil production for export.

During the midcentury decades of solid growth, it became evident that government oversight was needed to ensure that the numerous contributions flowing from the oil sector would be put to good use. Overall, it appears that the contributions were well utilized by the Venezuelan government, although there was plenty of room for improvement. Income distribution problems and other social inequities continued to beset the development process, leaving the economy rigid and inflexible. Consequently, when the oil sector faltered (1974 to 2000), Venezuela was unable to shift into other product lines. Political disarray soon followed, and with it a pervasive aura of economic uncertainty that persists to this day.



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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780275972622
Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
Publication date: 05/30/2004
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 296
Product dimensions: 6.34(w) x 9.48(h) x 1.05(d)

About the Author

JORGE SALAZAR-CARRILLO is Professor of Economics at Florida International University and Director of FIU's Center of Economic Research. He is also a nonresident Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution.

BERNADETTE WEST is a Lecturer in Economics at the University of Miami and Florida International University.

Table of Contents

Tables

Acknowledgments

Introduction

A Theoretical Framework

A Short Review of Methodological Problems and Data Sources

The Contribution of Oil and Its Effects of the Venezuelan Economy, 1910-1922

The Contribution of Oil and Its Effects of the Venezuelan Economy, 1923-1929

The Contribution of Oil and Its Effects of the Venezuelan Economy, 1930-1936

The Contribution of Oil and Its Effects of the Venezuelan Economy, 1937-1942

The Contribution of Oil and Its Effects of the Venezuelan Economy, 1943-1957

The Contribution of Oil and Its Effects of the Venezuelan Economy, 1958-1973

The Contribution of Oil and Its Effects of the Venezuelan Economy, 1974-1985

The Contribution of Oil and Its Effects of the Venezuelan Economy, 1986-1990

The Contribution of Oil and Its Effects of the Venezuelan Economy, 1991-2000

Conclusions

Bibliography

Index

Customer Reviews