When it comes to teaching reading, Gravity Goldberg declares there is a structure, one that works with your current curriculum, to help readers take charge. The way forward Gravity says lies in admiring, studying, and really getting to know your students. Easily replicable in any setting, any time, her 4 Ms framework ultimately lightens your load because it allows students to monitor and direct their reading lives.
- Miner: Uncovering Students’ Reading Processes (Focus: Assessment)
- Mirror: Giving Feedback That Reinforces a Growth Mindset (Focus: Feedback)
- Model: Showing Readers What We Do (Focus: Demonstration)
- Mentor: Guiding Students to Try New Ways of Reading (Focus: Guided Practice and Coaching)