Land-Based and Marine Hazards: Scientific and Management Issues

Land-Based and Marine Hazards: Scientific and Management Issues

Land-Based and Marine Hazards: Scientific and Management Issues

Land-Based and Marine Hazards: Scientific and Management Issues


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Causes of major disasters are many and diverse, and the risks associated with them endanger human lives, property, the environment, the economy, and even the country's political and social well-being. It is clear that, with rapid population growth, environmental degradation, climate change, poorly regulated industries, and continued economic uncertainty, the chances are that communities may become more vulnerable to disasters. The dramatic losses in recent years from volcanic eruptions, earthquakes and landslides, wildland fires, droughts and floods, cyclones and storm surges attest to the fact that we are still a long way from applying even the knowledge we have today to make communities safe. Tackling this problem requires a sound evaluation of disaster mitigation policies and tools.
As a contribution to the International Decade for Natural Disasters Reduction (IDNDR), the fifth international symposium HAZARDS-93 was held in Qingdao, P.R. China on 29 August - 3 September, 1993. China is a country frequently hit by almost all kinds of disasters. Its history is one of combating natural disasters and working towards their reduction. More than 250 scientists, engineers and government officials from 20 countries met for the purpose of engaging in a free exchange of knowledge, experience and ideas regarding the scientific and socio-economic aspects of mitigating losses from natural and man- made disasters. A total of 180 papers were presented at 28 sessions covering a very broad range of topics related to disaster management. The twenty-one articles included in this book deal with the scientific and management issues of land-based and marine hazards which cause the most severe economic losses, deaths and environmental degradation in many parts of the world. The book also includes specific recommendations addressed to the IDNDR Secretariat, national governments and scientific experts to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of disaster management. Thus, Land-Based and Marine Hazards: Scientific and Management Issues forms an excellent reference for scientists, engineers, policy-makers and the insurance industry.

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780792340645
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Publication date: 07/31/1996
Series: Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research , #7
Edition description: 1996
Pages: 303
Product dimensions: 6.30(w) x 9.45(h) x 0.03(d)

Table of Contents

Preface; M.I. El-Sabh, et al. Part I: Scientific Issues. A Comparative Study of Shastic Models for Seismic Hazard Estimation; M.S. Yucemen, A. Akkaya. Data Base for Seismic Risk Assessment in Cusco, Peru; M.A. Candia-Gallegos, et al. Reducing The Seismic Vulnerability of Earth Buildings; J. Christie. Some Geological Hazards in Egypt, Their Nature and Extent; A.F. Kamel. The Ecological Impact of Fire on the Peatland Forest in the Da Xingan Mountain, China; Zhao Kuiyi. El Niño/Southern Oscillation, Indian Monsoon and World Grain Yields - a Synthesis; M.L. Khandekar. El Niño and Storm Surges in the Bay of Bengal; T.S. Murty, V.R. Neralla. Storm Surges and River Flooding in Bangladesh: A Rising Challenge in a Changing Global Climate; Selina Begum. Numerical Study of Nonlinear Tide-Surge Interaction in the Coastal Waters of Shanghai; Zenghao Qin, Yihong Duan. A Numerical Model to Simulate The Movement of Suspended Sediment off the Huanghe River (Yellow River) Delta; Le Kentang, et al. Hazards from Sea Level Rise and Their Impacts on Resources Utilization in the Yangtze River Deltaic Plain, China; Yang Guishan. The Trapping of Oil at Dawhat Ad Dafi - An Analysis of Results from the 1991 Arabian Gulf Oil Spills; S. Venkatesh, T.S. Murty. Damage to Fine Structure of Gills on Mytilus Sp. Due to Pollution by LAS (Linear-Alkyl-Benzene-Sulphonate) and Cadmium; L. Dalla Venezia, et al. Part II: Management Issues. Natural and Technological Disaster Management: Uncertainty in Technical, Sociopolitical and Scientific Issues; H. Denis. Governmental Measures to Mitigate Earthquake Impacts in Algeria; D. Benouar. Unified Natural Hazard Management: Lessons from Flooding; F.H. Thomas. On the Natural Disaster Reduction Policy and ManagementSystem in China; Huating Yang. Disaster Mitigation and Economic Development in Shandong Province, China; Jiangong Wang, Mingchuan Ji. Marine Disasters in China and the Strategy for Their Mitigation; Le Kentang. Storm Surge Disaster in Beibu Bay (China) and Countermeasures for Their Reduction; Yu Rixin. Managing Forest Fires: An Automatic Fire Weather Station Network in China; Chen BangYu, Jin XiaoZhong. Hazards-93: Concluding Plenary Session and Recommendations; F. Thomas, et al.

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