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These are the topics related to the standard: Apply and extend previous understandings of arithmetic to algebraic expressions."

Here are some specific activities, investigations or visual aids picked out. Click anywhere in the grey area to access the resource.

- Algebra Pairs The classic Pelmanism or pairs game requiring you to match equivalent expressions.
- Algebraic Notation Simplification using the normal conventions of algebra.

Click on a topic below for suggested lesson starters, resources and activities from Transum.

- Algebra Pupils begin their study of algebra by investigating number patterns. Later they construct and express in symbolic form and use simple formulae involving one or many operations. They use brackets, indices and other constructs to apply algebra to real word problems. This leads to using algebra as an invaluable tool for solving problems, modelling situations and investigating ideas. If this topic were split into four sub topics they might be: Creating and simplifying expressions; Expanding and factorising expressions; Substituting and using formulae; Solving equations and real life problems; This is a powerful topic and has strong links to other branches of mathematics such as number, geometry and statistics. See also "Number Patterns", "Negative Numbers" and "Simultaneous Equations".
- Indices Where do many fish live? Indices (in the seas!) This topic involves the use of the index, power or exponent. The concept is easily misunderstood and a surprisingly large number of pupils will evaluate 62 as 12 and not 36. After having mastered positive integer indices pupils should move on to negative indices and fractional indices. Exploring this topic in both numeric and algebraic ways will provide understanding and competence in this important concept.