Half Truth exposes the highest level of frustration, among US’ rulers, due to their failures in Afghanistan and warns about catastrophic outcome of bloodshed in Afghanistan and Pakistan: a global fl ash point. It also warns about horrible socio-economic impacts on US society in particular and global community in general if this war without end continues for next five years.
Half Truth invites all the peace loving forces within the US and around the globe to join hands to block the evil warring forces, to bring back the world peace by cooling down the Afghanistan hell by nurturing the lofty traditions of inter-faith harmony and mutual co existence for better and brighter future of the mankind.
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By Ferrukh Mir
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Chapter OneCorporate America
Brief History of industrialization
Before the nineteenth century, migration from the Old World (primarily Europe) to the New World (US, Canada, Australia, and Argentina) went through three stages: the 1600-1700
Slave and contract labor era, the 1790-1850 free settlers' era and the 1850-1920 mass migration era. It is estimated that over a million people immigrated annually to North America during the period of 1880-1910.
The United States emerged from the War of 1812 in a chaotic L-monetary state, with banks multiplying and inflating ad lib, checked only by the varying rates of depreciation of their notes. With banks freed from redeeming their obligations in specie, the number of incorporated banks increased during 1816, from 212 to 232. Clearly, the nation could not continue indefinitely with the issue of fiat money in the hands of discordant sets of individual banks. It was apparent that there were two ways out of the problem: one was the hard-money path, which was advocated by the Old Republicans and, for their own purposes, the Federalists.
The federal and state governments would have sternly compelled the rollicking banks to redeem promptly in specie, and, when most of the banks outside of New England could not force them to liquidate. In that way the mass of depreciated and inflated notes and deposits would have been swiftly liquidated and money would have poured back out of hoards and into the country's circulation.
In the wake of the Industrial Revolution during the 1830s and beyond, the mercantile community increasingly came under pressure, especially from a newly emerging group of powerful artisans-turned-manufacturers and an ever more mobilized and enfranchised populace. Most significantly, the mercantile elite faced a challenge from a rising industrialist class. These men had accumulated capital in novel ways, and largely outside the older kinship and social networks of the northern mercantile elite. By the 1840s, they were showing up in the higher ranks of the tax rolls at a remarkable rate. The majority of manufacturers were artisans who had expanded their shops and transformed themselves into entrepreneurs. As one historian observed, by mid-century they were knocking at the doors of political power and social prestige so long guarded by their commercial brethren.
The US was the major recipient of immigrants. During the mass migration periodof1850-1920,alargenumberofbusinessandskilledworkersmigrated to the US and were key participants in the process of industrialization and the second Industrial Revolution of 1890. The Industrial Revolution came late to the United States compared to England. But once it came, it arrived vigorously. As elsewhere, cotton spinning expanded first as merchants invested some of their capital in spinning mills built along the fast-flowing rivers of New England and the Mid-Atlantic States. After 1830, railroads began crisscrossing the United States, devouring fabulous amounts of capital and eventually spurring the growth of coal mining, along with iron and steel production.
Most of the US manufacturing was in 1880s and 1890s, contained within a narrow belt that extended from New England, south through Pennsylvania, and west through Ohio and parts of the upper Midwest. Outside this manufacturing belt a large and increasingly vocal segment of the population in the prairie and Southern states was convinced that it was being robbed of its rightful share of the nation's newfound wealth by Eastern capitalists who controlled the nation's railroads and set its monetary policy.
With the second Industrial Revolution in 1896, The Democratic Party was no longer the party of Jefferson, Jackson, and Cleveland. With no further political embodiment for laissez-faire in existence, and with both parties offering "an echo not a choice," public interest in politics steadily declined. A power vacuum was left in American politics for the new corporate static ideology of progressivism, which swept both parties (and created a short-lived Progressive Party) in America after 1900. The Progressive Era of 1900-1918 fastened a welfare-warfare state onto America which has set the mold for the rest of the twentieth century. States arrived after 1900 not because of inflation or deflation, but because a unique set of conditions had destroyed the Democrats as a laissez-faire party and left a power vacuum for the triumph of the new ideology of compulsory cartelization through a partnership of big government, business, unions, technocrats, and intellectuals.
The second Industrial Revolution of 1890 helped transform America into a globally renewed nation and an economic power. As a result, new industrial elite emerged in the socioeconomic landscape of the US because of the new surge of wealth. Newfound wealth motivated industrial groups and businesses to join hands to protect their future class interests at a national level by influence over state policies of business and industry. This objective was only possible through political influence, either asserting directly though its representatives or by grooming political horses through indirect funding. Because wealth building, accumulation and its future protection without capturing state power would be a brief phase in the presence of populous societal forces.
In the quest for dominance over state power, to assert industrialist class authority, many industrial groups directly jumped into political arena of the US and joined political parties. Wealth's power bulldozed philosophical hurdles and pushed genuine political workers towards back benches and paved the way for the elite to assert their power. Soon industrialists were sitting in state's legislative and government institutions as the nation's elected representatives, senators and Congressmen with the dawn of 20th century. This new politician/ industrialist class later on became famous as world's "top corporate elite," post WWII.
In 1945 the US emerged as a one of the superpowers. The real driving force behind US policies especially its foreign policy, was the corporate elite, which was very eager to promote its global agenda of wealth building. The new US elite's crown had many sparkling jewels, and included was the Bush dynasty. The ruling US elite, with a dominating control over societal wealth and resources, started building its influence over different educational institutions, like Yale University, directly or indirectly through their generous donations from the middle of the nineteenth century.
Under the financial umbrella of corporate elite, education institutions became the incubators of scholars and professors of capitalist philosophy. This academia was particularly groomed, financially and socially, and aimed to produce the future intellectual labor force to restructure the old business and commercial philosophies of medieval ages into a modern competing philosophy with a new academic outlook. As a result, new wealth building philosophies emerged and became a driving force/ lifeline for corporate America, and later on became popular as capitalism.
Different scholars and philosophers have given different definitions of capitalism, with little difference of style and arrangement of phrases. The 21ist century academic definition of capitalism is: a process of creative destruction; the new destroy the old.
After embracing modern capitalism as a guiding beacon in the early 20th century, the US corporate elite started a new business, intellect buying. The intellect buying business was aimed at conceptualizing the capitalist philosophy as a source of corporate force necessary to drive state institutions through politics, either directly and indirectly. With the passage of time, modern form of intellectual platforms emerged at the social-political scene under the tags of: think tanks and non-profit organization for intellectual work. In today's America, scores of so-called think tanks, funded covertly or overtly by different multinational corporations have been spoon feeding different governments, especially over foreign policy issues just after WWII.
By doing so, the corporate elite extended its ruling partnership with academia and intellectuals. This new ruling class could be seen in midlevel ruling teams of either republican or democrats and their prime job is to mold public opinion according to their political partners/mentors. The hired intellectuals and academia have been instrumental in crafting new theories of capitalist domination, with future aims of establishing a global government sponsored and supported by multinational corporations (MNC) to establish a modern form of the fascism: corporate fascism.
The Fascist Roots of Corporate America
On November 24th, 1934, Marine Corp Major General Medley Butler testified to the McCormack-Dickstein committee that from July 1933 to September of 1934, he was petitioned by Jerald McGuire, a New York City broker, to lead a private Army of WW I veterans, to overthrow American democratic rule and establish a fascist government in the White House. The New York Times Headline on Nov 24th 1934 read: "Gen. Butler Bares 'Fascist Plot' To Seize Government by Force; Says Bond Salesman, as Representative of Wall St. Group, Asked Him to Lead Army of 500,000 in March on Capital - those named make angry denials"
Jerald McGuire, was not alone in his desire to be a part of a fascist Coup detach. McGuire was backed by some of the wealthiest capitalists in America at that time. John Buchanan, a specialist on right-wing movements in the 1930's said, "These super wealthy capitalists wanted to pose such a threat to Roosevelt that he would step aside and if he would not they would execute him."
When petitioning General Butler to become a part of this 'super organization' McGuire said, "Did it ever occur to you that the President is overworked? We might have an Assistant President, somebody to take the blame; and if things do not work out, we can drop him ... You know the American people will swallow it. We have got the newspapers. We will start a campaign that the President's health is failing. Everybody can tell that by looking at him, and the dumb American people will fall for it in a second."
The funding would come from bankers and businessmen who would step out of tenuous Wall Street politics and into a crypto-fascist quasi-American lobby group called the 'American Liberty League.' "We need a Fascist government in this country to save the Nation from the communists who want to tear it down and wreck all that we have built in America," said McGuire.
However, the fascist overthrow of government was primarily seen by private power as a way of solving the mass unemployment problems during the Great Depression and a way to deal with the growing power of the unions that were pressuring the Wall Street bankers to relinquish their hold on wealth. McGuire had a very brilliant solution for the unemployment situation ... He had seen it in Europe. It was a plan that Hitler had used in putting all of the unemployed in labor camps or barracks-enforced labor. That would solve it overnight, and he said that when they got into power, that is what they would do; that was the ideal plan.
Just as McGuire said, the American Liberty League was formed a few weeks later, and was on the front page of most New York and Washington D.C. papers. The American Liberty League read like a who's who of corporate America. Some prominent capitalists that backed the American Liberty League were J.P. Morgan, The Warburg banking family, General Motors President John J. Rascal, president of Heinz inc. Howard Heinz, Irene Due Pont, Nathan Miller from US Steel and many others. The plot was to receive financial backing, particularly from J.P. Morgan banking.
Now this is where the Bush family comes in. Later in the McCormack-Dickstein a hearing the Hamburg-American Line was accused and found guilty of providing free passage to Germany for US Journalists to write favorable reports on Nazism and is alleged to have brought Nazi spies and fascist sympathizers to the United States. Interestingly, the executive manager of the Hamburg-American line was none other than Prescott Bush, the grandfather of George W. Bush.
After hearing the McCormack-Dickstein committee press release on November 24th of 1934, General Butler accused the committee of editing out the names of the business people he had linked to the plot in his testimonies. In a radio interview on the 17th of February, 1935 Butler said of the committee, "Like most committees it has slaughtered the little and allowed the big sharks to escape. The big sharks weren't even called to testify. They were all mentioned in the testimony, then why all mentioned were suppressed from the testimony?"
Of the American Liberty League, Roosevelt said, "They steal the livery of great national ideals to serve discredited special interests.... This minority in business and industry ... engage in vast propaganda to spread fear and discord among the people. They would gang up against the people's liberties.... They seek the restoration of their selfish power ... Our resplendent economic aristocracy does not want to return to that individualism of which they prate, even though the advantages under that system went to the ruthless and the strong. They realize that in 34 months we have built up new instruments of public power. In the hands of a people's government this power is wholesome and proper. But in the hands of political puppets of an economic aristocracy, such power would provide shackles for the liberties of the people. Give them their way and they will take the course of every aristocracy of the past – power for themselves, enslavement for the public."
The scholars, economists, & politicians (i.e. Ronald Reagan being a good example) believe that even though FDR voiced opposition to the American Liberty League, elements of fascism were incorporated into The New Deal as a form of 'soft' fascism. Herbert Hoover also acknowledged the influence of corporations on Roosevelt as he tried to cooperate with big businesses in an attempt to bring the country out of economic depression. Regarding Roosevelt's attempts to assuage the business community Hoover stated, "Among the early Roosevelt fascist measures was the National Industry Recovery Act (NRA) of June 16, 1933 ... this stuff was pure fascism; that it was the remaking of Mussolini's 'corporate state ..." In this case, the NRA was part of FDR's New Deal reforms, that on a critical note, not only ended regulation of Wall Street at this crucial time, but it allowed heads of industry greater political and economic monopoly which was contingent on providing workers with suitable work conditions and wages.
The McCormack-Dickstein committee agreed that there was indeed a real threat of a corporate fascist coup, however the newspapers downplayed the findings of the committee, and unbelievably, no legal proceedings were taken. It is interesting that Hoover felt that Roosevelt acquiesced with the conspiratorial corporate elite. This shows that FDR's definition of fascism comes from political experience. Interestingly, historians believe that deals were made around this time between Roosevelt and the economic establishment so that they would cooperate with his New Deal reforms and in return FDR would turn a blind eye to their foiled coup.
The Bush Dynasty as a Part of Corporate America
The story of Prescott Bush's involvement with the Nazis goes much deeper than the Hamburg-American Line. The Guardian Newspaper in London has recently corroborated that "a firm of which Prescott Bush was a director involved with the financial architects of Nazism. By the late 1930s, Brown Brothers Harriman, which claimed to be the world's largest private investment bank, and UBC had bought and shipped millions of dollars of gold, fuel, steel, coal and US treasury bonds to Germany, both feeding and financing Hitler's build-up to war."
Trading with the Nazis during the 1930's was not illegal, although it began to defy the economic provisions of the Treaty of Versailles due to Hitler's remilitarization. Rockefeller's Standard Oil and the DuPont's were responsible for a "marriage" cartel with I.G. Fabens, a major Nazi conglomerate in the 1930's. Interestingly, the DuPont families were also at the centre of the fascist plot as was J.P. Morgan, who was linked with the Rockefeller family by marriage and business. Six days after Pearl Harbor was attacked by the Japanese, FDR signed the Trading with the Enemies Act (TWEA) making any economic trade with the Nazis illegal. In the fall of 1942 all of Prescott's business assets with Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. were seized by the American government under the TWEA.
Excerpted from HALF TRUTH by Ferrukh Mir Copyright © 2011 by Ferrukh Mir. Excerpted by permission of iUniverse, Inc.. All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
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Table of Contents
ContentsPart 1: America's March toward Global Domination....................1
2-The US on Road to Cold War....................10
3-Intellectual Foundations of the Afghan war of 1980....................35
4-Afghan War Theatre of 1980....................62
Part 2: Uni-Polar World....................113
5-Bush Dynasty Part-I....................114
6-Bill Clinton Era....................123
7-Bush Dynasty (Oil and Gas Mafia) Rule Part II....................192
Part 3: A Journey to Disillusionment to Unfold the Mystery of Sept. 11 Terrorist Attacks and Subsequent US Invasion of Afghanistan....................207
8-Journey of Disillusionment Part I....................208
9-Disillusionment Part -II....................238
10-Disillusion mention Part -III....................266
11-Journey of Disillusionment IV....................299
Part 4: Mega Opening of WWIII Phase II....................369
12-US' Invasion of Afghanistan in 2001....................370
13-Democrats Hypocrisy, and Role during and post Cold War....................399
14-US Economic Health in 2009 as a Result of Iraq and Afghanistan Wars....................405
15-Future Possibilities in Afghanistan....................409