Exile and Cultural Hegemony: Spanish Intellectuals in Mexico, 1939-1975

Exile and Cultural Hegemony: Spanish Intellectuals in Mexico, 1939-1975

by Sebastiaan Faber


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After Francisco Franco's victory in the Spanish Civil War, a great many of the country's intellectuals went into exile in Mexico. During the three and a half decades of Francoist dictatorship, these exiles held that the Republic, not Francoism, represented the authentic culture of Spain. In this environment, as Sebastiaan Faber argues in Exile and Cultural Hegemony, the Spaniards' conception of their role as intellectuals changed markedly over time.

The first study of its kind to place the exiles' ideological evolution in a broad historical context, Exile and Cultural Hegemony takes into account developments in both Spanish and Mexican politics from the early 1930s through the 1970s. Faber pays particular attention to the intellectuals' persistent nationalism and misplaced illusions of pan-Hispanist grandeur, which included awkward and ironic overlaps with the rhetoric employed by their enemies on the Francoist right. This embrace of nationalism, together with the intellectuals' dependence on the increasingly authoritarian Mexican regime and the international climate of the Cold War, eventually caused them to abandon the Gramscian ideal of the intellectual as political activist in favor of a more liberal, apolitical stance preferred by, among others, the Spanish philosopher Jose Ortega y Gasset.

With its comprehensive approach to topics integral to Spanish culture, both students of and those with a general interest in twentieth-century Spanish literature, history, or culture will find Exile and Cultural Hegemony a fascinating and groundbreaking work.

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780826514226
Publisher: Vanderbilt University Press
Publication date: 12/13/2002
Edition description: 1ST
Pages: 344
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)

About the Author

Sebastiaan Faber, Professor of Hispanic Studies, Oberlin College, is the author of several books, including Exile and Cultural Hegemony: Spanish Intellectuals in Mexico, 1939–1975 (also published by Vanderbilt University Press).

Table of Contents


PART I Exile and Cultural Hegemony:
Intellectuals and Nationalism

1 Introduction:
Intellectuals in Exile 3

2 Mexico and the Spanish Civil War 12

3 The Struggle for Cultural Hegemony 28

PART II Hope, Defeat, and Delirium:
The Civil War and the First Years of Exile

4 The Popular Front and the Civil War:
Contradictions of a Utopian Project 55

5 Paulino Masip:
Nationalism, Moralism,and the Limits of the Popular Front Revolution 92

6 The Republican Countercanonand the Dream of Pan-Hispanist Unity 120

PART III Left out in the Cold (War):
The Aporias of Exile and the Retreat into Liberalism

7 A Changed Political Landscape:
The Appropriation of Liberalism and the Return of the Detached Intellectual 151

8 Ortega's Legacy in Mexico:
Elitism and Gaos's Myth of Transtierro 186
9 Max Aub:
Exile as Aporia 218

Epilogue A Disputed Cultural Heritage:
The Exiles as a Tool of Political Legitimation 267

Notes 275
Bibliography 287

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