Commons and Anticommons

Commons and Anticommons

Commons and Anticommons

Commons and Anticommons


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This two-volume collection brings together the most important articles on the tragedies of the commons and anticommons. The first volume presents the bedrock articles that define commons and anticommons theory, from Aristotle to the present. The second volume continues with cutting edge property theory and applications. A judicious selection of articles shows how commons and anticommons metaphors inform current debates at the innovation frontier, ranging from patent thickets to broadcast spectrum licensing.

In this extensive introduction, Michael Heller contextualizes the selected papers and provides scholars and policy-makers with an entry point into this rapidly evolving field.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781845426576
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Publication date: 02/28/2010
Series: Economic Approaches to Law series , #26
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 1192
Product dimensions: 6.62(w) x 9.62(h) x (d)

About the Author

Edited by Michael Heller, Lawrence A. Wien Professor of Real Estate Law, Columbia Law School, Columbia University, US

Table of Contents


Volume I


Introduction Michael Heller

A Commons
1. Aristotle, ‘Discussion of Ideal States’
2. H. Scott Gordon (1954), ‘The Economic Theory of a Common-Property Resource: The Fishery’

B Anticommons
3. Augustin Cournot (1838/1960), ‘Of the Mutual Relations of Producers’
4. Frank I. Michelman (1982), ‘Ethics, Economics and the Law of Property’

A Theory
5. Garrett Hardin (1968), ‘The Tragedy of the Commons’
6. Elinor Ostrom (1990), ‘Reflections on the Commons’
7. Thráinn Eggertsson (2002), ‘Open Access versus Common Property’
8. Carol Rose (1986), ‘The Comedy of the Commons: Custom, Commerce, and Inherently Public Property’

B Solutions
9. Elinor Ostrom (1999), ‘Coping with Tragedies of the Commons’
10. Hanoch Dagan and Michael Heller (2001), ‘The Liberal Commons’
11. Shirli Kopelman, J. Mark Weber and David M. Messick (2002), ‘Factors Influencing Cooperation in Commons Dilemmas: A Review of Experimental Psychological Research’

A Theory
12. Michael Heller (1998), ‘The Tragedy of the Anticommons: Property in the Transition from Marx to Markets’
13. Michael Heller (2008), ‘The Tragedy of the Commons’

B Economics
14. James M. Buchanan and Yong J. Yoon (2000), ‘Symmetric Tragedies: Commons and Anticommons’
15. Francesco Parisi, Norbert Schulz and Ben Depoorter (2005), ‘Duality in Property: Commons and Anticommons’
16. Francesco Parisi, Norbert Schulz and Ben Depoorter (2004), ‘Simultaneous and Sequential Anticommons’
17. Giuseppe Dari-Matiacci and Francesco Parisi (2006), ‘Substituting Complements’
18. Ben Depoorter and Sven Vanneste (2006), ‘Putting Humpty Dumpty Back Together: Experimental Evidence of Anticommons Tragedies’

Name Index

Volume II


An introduction to both volumes by the editor appears in Volume I

A Linking Commons and Anticommons
1. Lee Anne Fennell (2004), ‘Common Interest Tragedies’
2. Stephen R. Munzer (2005), ‘The Commons and the Anticommons in the Law and Theory of Property’
3. Carol M. Rose (2000), ‘Left Brain, Right Brain, and History in the New Law and Economics of Property’

B The Economy of Property Forms
4. Harold Demsetz (1967), ‘Toward a Theory of Property Rights’
5. Michael Heller (1999), ‘The Boundaries of Private Property’
6. Henry E. Smith (2000), ‘Semicommon Property Rights and Scattering in the Open Fields’
7. Henry Hansmann and Reiner Kraakman (2002), ‘Property, Contract, and Verification: The “Numerous Clausus” Problem and the Divisibility of Rights’

A Patents
8. Michael Heller and Rebecca S. Eisenberg (1998), ‘Can Patents Deter Innovation? The Anticommons in Biomedical Research’
9. Carl Shapiro (2001), ‘Navigating the Patent Thicket: Cross Licences, Patent Pools, and Standard Setting’
10. Fiona Murray and Scott Stern (2007), ‘Do Formal Intellectual Property Rights Hinder the Free Flow of Scientific Knowledge? An Empirical Test of the Anti-Commons Hypothesis’
11. Rosemarie Ham Ziedonis (2004), ‘Don’t Fence Me In: Fragmented Markets for Technology and the Patent Acquisition Strategies of Firms’

B More Intangible Property
12. Francesco Parisi and Ben Depoorter (2002), ‘Fair Use and Copyright Protection: A Price Theory Explanation’
13. Thomas W. Hazlett (2005), ‘Spectrum Tragedies’

C Real Property
14. Gary D. Libecap and James L. Smith (2002), ‘The Economic Evolution of Petroleum Property Rights in the United States’
15. Abraham Bell and Gideon Parchomovsky (2003), ‘Of Property and Antiproperty’
16. Mark D. West and Emily M. Morris (2003), ‘The Tragedy of the Condominiums: Legal Responses to Collective Action After the Kobe Earthquake’
17. Russell S. Sobel and Peter T. Leeson (2006), ‘Government’s Response to Hurricane Katrina: A Public Choice Analysis’

Name Index
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