ISBN-10:
6155225079
ISBN-13:
9786155225079
Pub. Date:
Publisher:

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Overview

The book examines the role of Western broadcasting to the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe during the Cold War, with a focus on Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty. It includes chapters by radio veterans and by scholars who have conducted research on the subject in once-secret Soviet bloc archives and in Western records. It also contains a selection of translated documents from formerly secret Soviet and East European archives, most of them published here for the first time.



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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9786155225079
Publisher: Central European University Press
Publication date: 08/12/2012
Pages: 612
Product dimensions: 9.30(w) x 6.50(h) x 1.40(d)

About the Author

A. Ross Johnson was a History and Public Policy Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and Senior Adviser at Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.

R. Eugene Parta is former director of Soviet Area Audience and Opinion Research at RFE/RL and of Media and Opinion Research at the RFE/RL Research Institute.

Table of Contents

Preface by the editors
Foreword by Timothy Garton Ash
Introduction by A. Ross Johnson

PART ONE: GOALS OF THE BROADCASTS
Chapter One: RFE's Early Years: Evolution of Broadcast Policy and Evidence of Broadcast Impact, Paul B. Henze
Chapter Two: Goals of Radio Liberty, Gene Sosin
Chapter Three: The Voice of America: A Brief Cold War History, Alan L. Heil Jr.

PART TWO: JAMMING AND AUDIENCES
Chapter Four: Cold War Radio Jamming, George W. Woodard
Appendix A: Types of Jamming
Appendix B: An Example of a Shortwave Broadcasting Station During the Cold War
Chapter Five: The Audience to Western Broadcasts to the USSR During the Cold War: An External Perspective, R. Eugene Parta
Chapter Six: The Foreign Radio Audience in the USSR During the Cold War: An Internal Perspective, Elena I. Bashkirova
Chapter Seven: The Audience to Western Broadcasts to Poland During the Cold War, Lechosław Gawlikowski (with Yvette Neisser Moreno)
Appendix C: Weekly Listening Rates for Major Western Broadcasters to Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria and the USSR During the Cold War

PART THREE: IMPACT OF WESTERN BROADCASTS IN EASTERN EUROPE
Chapter Eight: Radio Free Europe in the Eyes of the Polish Communist Elite, Jane Leftwich Curry
Chapter Nine: Polish Regime Countermeasures Against Radio Free Europe, Paweł Machcewicz
Chapter Ten: Radio Free Europe's Impact in Romania During the Cold War, Nestor Ratesh
Chapter Eleven: Ceauşescu's War Against Our Ears, Germina Nagat
Chapter Twelve: Just Noise? Impact of Radio Free Europe in Hungary, István Rév
Chapter Thirteen: Bulgarian Regime Countermeasures Against Radio Free Europe, Jordan Baev

PART FOUR: IMPACT OF WESTERN BROADCASTS IN THE USSR
Chapter Fourteen: Soviet Reactions to Foreign Broadcasting in the 1950s, Vladimir Tolz (with Julie Corwin)
Chapter Fifteen: Foreign Media, the Soviet Western Frontier, and the Hungarian and Czechoslovak Crises, Amir Weiner
Chapter Sixteen: Water Shaping the Rock: Cold War Broadcasting Impact in Latvia, Peter Zvagulis

PART FIVE: CONCLUSIONS
Chapter Seventeen: Cold War International Broadcasting and the Road to Democracy. A. Ross Johnson and R. Eugene Parta

PART SIX: DOCUMENTS FROM EAST EUROPEAN AND SOVIET ARCHIVES
I. Regime Perceptions of Western Broadcasters

Bulgaria
1. 1977. Interior Ministry Analysis of Foreign Propaganda against Bulgaria
2. 1986. Interior Ministry Report on the Staff of the Bulgarian Service of RFE
3. 1989. Bulgarian Politburo Discussion on RFE Monitoring Reports

German Democratic Republic
4. 1970. Stasi Report on West German Government's Attitude to RFE and RL

Hungary
5. 1973. Report to Politburo and Politburo Resolution on Fight against "Imperialist Propaganda"
6. 1978. Hungarian Central Committee Discusses Implementation of 1973 Resolution

Romania
7. 1964. Securitate Reports on RFE's Encouragement of Romanian Independence from USSR

Poland
8. 1966. Letter from Army Main Political Administration to Interior Minister on "Hostile" Radio Propaganda
9. 1967. Foreign Intelligence Report on RFE
10. 1976. Analysis of Western Radio "Propaganda" Directed at Poland

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